Dr. David Weiman, advertising director of Lapidary Journal Jewelry Artist magazine for far more than 20 years, shares approaches and methods for boosting your sales of handcrafted artisan jewelry! Handmade charms are a enjoyable way to create and personalize jewelry pieces like bracelets and necklaces. Although I nonetheless packaging most of my jewelry in organza bags I also package some in plastic bags with a printed fold more than for hanging at craft fairs and other events. Making use of metal clay syringe is a well-liked and broadly utilized method to setting stones directly in the clay. The multi-packs also let you use or combine different colors of paints on your textures, which makes them far more enjoyable to use.
You are going to discover that the more polymer clay jewelry you create, the more you will uncover your self needing to learn how to incorporate wire into your jewelry pieces. It is with these stones that I often make my necklaces. Gemstones of North America: Volume II by John Sinkankas. Tchin Designs – Striking higher-finish silver necklaces, concho belts and dangle earrings. Bangle bracelets are a popular style jewelry items and a fast way to spice up an outfit. The chunky style bracelets are all me as well and that is my difficulty letting stock develop up for sales rather than wearing myself!!
You also can roll and trim thick sheets of conditioned polymer clay and then use simple tools to produce dimensional patterns and styles in the surface. With the recession still lingering in the air, I am sure that a lot of folks would favor moissanite more than diamond, at least for now. Fine silver earrings by Margaret Schindel, made from PMC silver metal clay, textured with tear-away textures, embellished with lab sapphire cabochon gemsto n es in metal clay settings and 24k gold keum-boo accents. In this type, the metal clay be sculpted, impressed with any kind of texture imaginable, molded, extruded, and so on.
Like the clay tools, you cannot expect to begin with a block of every single polymer clay colour obtainable when you being creating polymer clay jewelry from residence. Twinkling rhinestone bowknot earrings with imitation pearl pendant. Barrio Neal : This Philly-primarily based jewelry brand only makes use of only reclaimed valuable metals, fair-mined gold, and ethically sourced stones to make its colorful pieces. Gems & Gemology In Evaluation: Synthetic Diamonds by GIA. Buttons, carved figurines, dollhouse-scale miniature trims and moldings, carved boxes, thimbles, wire mesh, plastic needlepoint canvas, knobs, finials, molded or textured glass — practically something has the potential to be utilised as a metal clay texture.
I purchased about 20 pairs of rhinestone earrings that 1st day and was in company on the web within a week. I am from India and Quit my job for taking care of my baby , so started my hand crafted style Jewelry. Some of the most common jewelry functions rough-reduce stones or gemstones in irregular shapes that are far more natural in …
When it comes to diamonds , there are numerous scams to avoid. There are aisles in a lot of crafts retailers featuring the books, tapes, and stickers obtainable for scrapbooking. Polymer Clay Flower Buds – Handcrafted and 1 Of A Kind! ICraft limits itself to handmade art, crafts, and fashions, generating a great niche of merchandise which very easily matches buyers with sellers. Her work is sculptural and often art-inspired, whether it is ultra-basic and minimalist or fully decked out in diamonds. Dremel rotary tools are fantastic for all kinds of tiny-scale crafts, and you can insert cutting blades, polishing and sanding bits (amongst others) into the end before switching it on so that the attachment spins at higher speed.
Wear welding gloves or gloves made from Zetex, ZetexPlus or Kevlar when handling hot metal or reaching into the kiln to take away your fired pieces or hot firing container. Click Right here for superb guidelines on which varieties of wire, plus wire gauge conversion tables. Some of the most well-liked gemstones throughout this era have been diamonds, pearls, amethysts, emeralds, turquoise, jet, garnets, rubies, coral, sapphires, onyx, and aquamarine. Setting individual gemstones in metal clay bezels to use as elements is 1 of my favored techniques to bezel-set secure-to-fire gemstones in fresh metal clay.
Leaving the potatoes on the skewers and making use of acrylic paints, paint every single bead, making confident to cover the whole surface of the potato. There are numerous gorgeous Sterling silver pieces obtainable, many with beautiful semiprecious gemstones. Totally free Polymer Clay Jewelry Tutorials on Pinterest Web page. My write-up on Setting Gemstones in Metal Clay also was awarded a Purple Star in 2013 (but we’ll get to that later). Dichroic or other glass cabochons can be fired in some varieties of metal clay at certain firing schedules, or you can develop a setting in your piece and set them right after firing.
The resultant cost advantage is passed on to the customers in the type of discount diamond earrings and jewelry. Fantastic Lens – I will make it a point to work on my packaging for my crafts. The bracelets come amongst the museum items of the Stone Age made from the stones of intricate shapes. Color – all diamond rings falls to a specific scale of color and a selection of colour will also make a considerable distinction in the price of the diamond ring you purchase. Put on your style mantra on your wrist with a bracelet or gold bangles, hold your head up high when you happen to be wearing chandelier silver earrings or semi-valuable studs, and jazz up that neckline with a gold-plated necklace or zircon pendant.
Cartier of Paris and Tiffany and Co. of New York City crafted spectacular necklaces, bracelets, earrings, rings, and brooches in the Art Deco style. There is gold, sterling, costume jewelry, diamonds, and a lot far more! Memory Wire for bracelets – Memory Wire is medium gauge wire that is permanently shaped to …
Sai vachan creations understands women’s heartfelt really like for beautiful jewelry and supply collection of gorgeous Bangles, exquisite Earrings, dazzling Pendants and significantly more in an array of tough metals. Manufactured compacts sometime among the 1930s and the 1950s. It really is a 1ct center moissanite with 2-.25ct side stones and most likely 1-2.5mm graduated side stones on the bands. Don’t forget to use a clay release agent with your hot glue texture sheets. These gemstones are a mineraloid gel, so they do not have the same structure as crystals. Soon after firing, epoxy the pearl or bead onto the wire. Celie Fago doesn’t keep separate tear-away textures for bronze clay. For capturing fine details (or molds I program to use a lot), I adore making use of Knead-a-Mold from Townsend Atelier and Silicone Plastique.
Birthstones are valuable or semi-valuable gems that represent a certain month in the year. The only point is that I then miss wonderful sales, so I sacrifice my comfort to venture to the stores when there is a excellent sale. Even though present-day Mughal jewelry has a modern day twist to its look, it nonetheless emphasizes stonework and enamelling and stays accurate to its roots. I have 1 of these more than the door earring holders with all the plastic slots for bracelets and earrings. I have found Russian Brilliants man created diamond rings and think me its cuts, clarity are sufficient to attract you.
Gemstones Good quality and Worth Volume 3 Jewelry by Yasukazu Suwa. From valuable stones that have an intriguing matrix, to unblemished pearl jewellery and conflict cost-free diamonds, get on the web and update your jewellery collection with the newest designs and greatest brands. Cookie cutters come in so several shapes that these are perfect for ornaments, pendants, and polymer clay tile generating. Portion A single: My Ideal Sources for Vintage Beads, Stones, Filigree, Stampings, Etc. She wrote up her strategy in a excellent step-by-step bronze clay framed bezel tutorial for Metal Clay Artist Magazine’s new site Creative Fire.
Via some of her buddies in her hometown she discovered of a crafts shop owned by a man who happily displayed some of her completed functions in his shop, and sold a quantity of her necklaces. Let the water soak in for a handful of seconds, then kind the coil into loops just slightly smaller sized than the stones you want to set. By Margot Silk Forrest and Destiny Carter and their Sassy Feet site and companion weblog Glitter Sweatshop The resulting DIY project article, How to Paint Leather Shoes and Embellish Them for Custom Fashion Footwear , is a step-by-step tutorial on the greatest way to paint leather footwear and handbags (or manmade leather shoes and handbags) as nicely as a photo journal of my initial shoe painting expertise…like my blunders and lessons learned.
I hope all the crafters on hubpages get to read your hub. I do agree if your intent is to purchase moissanite as a diamond knock-off, meaning …
Fashion jewelry: handmade fashion jewelry such as necklace, earring, bracelet, ring, beads, accessoies…complete sorts of jewelry for your choice. Homeshop18 provides very best golden, gem, gem, gemstones, silver and gemstone jewelry in cheapest price. It also contains gemstone firing test charts to help you decide which gemstones are protected to fire in location, as well as beneficial resources I can recommend from private encounter. For the pendants safety and security, Three big silver jump rings were used to keep the pendant in location. As extended as your completed, impressed, double-sided slab does not require to be quite thin, you can roll out and texture two thinner sheets of metal clay separately.
When getting from any on-line store exactly where you won’t be able to see the moissanite just before purchasing, make sure they have a return policy in case you get a stone with far more color than you like. The sea glass pieces are securely wrapped in the copper wire to make certain their safety and the hyperlinks and clasp are hand crafted. What this means is that if you go with anything other than a Ruby, Sapphire, or Diamond you will have to worry far more about keeping you stone from getting scratched and the reduce the hardness scale quantity the simpler the scratches will occur.
Lovingly putting the pieces with each other, matching the stones with the wire, altering the design and style if something wants altering, becoming general versatile…that is providing a piece of myself when handcrafting jewelry. I included four dark brown stone beads that add texture to the pendant and framed it with square reduce amber tinted glass beads. You can discover Memory Wire in the jewelry section of most craft stores or on-line. You need to have be concerned for nothing so long as you are loving towards your Santa Muerte.
This on the internet fashion jewelry with other kinds of bracelets is in trend as they can be worn with the party dresses or gowns, and so on. Shape and Type: understand how to create different textures using various tools such as hammers, punches and stamps. Top of lid and 4 textured appliqués around sides made from my personal molds of vintage & antique buttons. Replacing missing stones: This can be accomplished easily. You can place the hole at the leading of the bead or make the hole go via the middle of the bead from side to side so you can string or wire it. Extremely versatile bead that can go on nearly any type of polymer clay jewelry.
A bronze beach scene charm I sculpted from BRONZclay metal clay and fired in a kiln. Delicate necklaces are greatest styled in graduating layers, complimented by stacked rings detailed with colourful semi-precious stones. Our aim is to give exceptional quality gorgeous Indian fashion jewellery, like pearl necklaces, diamond earrings, certified diamond solitaire rings, and other stunning pieces and grow to be your ultimate destination for high quality jewelry. Exactly where to purchase …
Simply because Zamel’s is owned by an international diamond company, we have access to an extraordinary variety of diamonds and diamond jewellery. Specifically when you use the silver side, facets of diamonds glisten as if they have been in the pinpoint lights at the jeweler’s. A number of gemstones had been typically included in a single item. I also disagree with your rule # 6. Yes you are correct about there becoming other blue stones out there that are not Sapphires. I lately attended my very first craft fair, and I necessary a show stand for all the necklaces I had created. Locate out your ideal diamond engagement rings on and appreciate your memorable days.
Some well-liked articles of the time incorporated large rings, watch chains and fobs, small purses, wristwatches, ornate boxes, compacts, lipstick situations, brooches, lapel watches, line bracelets, heavy bracelets, jabot pins, lorgnettes, pendant necklaces, pendant watches, lockets, diamond-studded barrettes, bar pins, ear clips, and drop and chandelier earrings. Dark jade is a valuable and scarce natural stone, exists in only nephrite, can only be located in the mountains of northern Shaanxi Province and Hetian, in Xinjiang of China.
The designs, the stones, and sequins are embedded on the accessories or jewelry, and even the handmade paintings are designed with high-good quality merchandise. Buccellati Diamond, Sapphire And Green Beryl Earrings. She makes use of a excellent high quality material to make her molds, the clay can be removed from the mold easily, they wash up wonderful when necessary, and they Final! Each and every signature piece is intricately designed with uncommon, exotic or select genuine gemstones and masterfully set in sterling palladium alloy with rich 18K Gold Embraced accents.
At all the craft fairs, I typically make a bee line straight to the jewelry booths 🙂 This is a fantastic hub to get a newbie began with all the vital tools and accessories. Variation: If you want your woven silver sheet to lie really flat alternatively of having a far more defined, dimensional texture, moisten the overlapping regions on all the flat warp strips, rather than just the two outer strips, and press down the weft firmly to attach it all the way across the row. So I decided to share some of my quite ideal sources for vintage beads, stones, filigrees, stampings and other vintage and reproduction vintage jewelry supplies as nicely as great jewelry producing tutorials and guidelines to assist others get began making their personal vintage-inspired jewelry (or modern jewelry with vintage beads and elements).
Gorgeous surface textures can be produced by applying a non-water-soluble resist, such as nail polish or wax, on dry metal clay and then removing clay from the exposed regions by wiping with a damp sponge or moist towelette or child wipe. If you are making jewelry or other pieces set with gemstones that cannot be fired in spot, or if you just like the look of non-clay settings, you can embed fine silver bezel wire, bezel cups or wire …
Sai vachan creations understands women’s heartfelt enjoy for lovely jewelry and provide collection of gorgeous Bangles, exquisite Earrings, dazzling Pendants and significantly more in an array of durable metals. You are going to need brushes, pin tools, playing cards or spacers, non-stick sheet, textures, and other simple metal clay tools and supplies. To learn more, see the section on carving in my write-up on Metal Clay Textures. In addition to beads, stones, stampings, filigrees, pearls, cabochons, findings, connectors, and other components, there are some fundamental tools and supplies you’ll want to have on hand. Getting a diamonds or gold can also be like an investment in the future. While hunting at some new polymer clay jewelry online, I came across a hub page today written by Jamie Brock and she had SEVEN quite excellent Cost-free wire wrapping tutorials listed on the web page.
TRUTH – Tungsten rings when exposed to certain chemical substances can create a quite dark opaque colour. A retailer that does not know about his diamonds is liable to be untrustworthy in the eyes of the buyer. The commence was not easy, but it paid off… Now we gave up 90% of local retailers market place, operating mainly with eBay and Etsy through Valigara, and also managing wholesale requests from shops who discover us on marketplaces. As for earrings, massive teardrops, classic hoops, and lace, filigree, diamond studs, and fringe earrings are creating a splash.
Thanks so much for the suggestions on setting up at a craft show! And a textured bezel can aid draw much more consideration to the cabochon it frames. Adding a patina truly brings out the woven texture. The most precious and the most properly-liked 1 is a diamond solitaire pendant. Black jade is a semi-valuable stone with a hardness that is comparatively tougher than other folks. With the glint of gold and the rich red, blues and greens of the gemstones, beads and paste, Ancient Egyptian jewelry was striking and elegant.
Some folks take a classical method to bejeweling, utilizing only clear or white rhinestones, although other people go a step further and use brightly colored crystals, bigger pieces of costume jewelry, or even spikes! Wire, Bezel Cups, Stone Settings and Jewelry Findings. His sales person painted a word image of the wholesale fashion jewelry with the season’s apparel and wrote more orders with no the consumers even understanding the price. But you can also make your personal molds from detailed, dimensional, nonporous buttons utilizing two-portion silicone molding compound.
If you’re arranging to make a lot of textures this way, the bigger bottles or multi-packs are a lot a lot more economical. The confidence that these tutorials give will definitely show in YOUR polymer clay jewelry. Position the clay on best, aligning the hole with the holes in the nonstick sheet and the polymer disc. Seal Fabric and Other Porous Textures with a Waterproof Sealant. The following hyperlinks give tips and directions on taking much better images of your handmade items, plus …
Sai vachan creations understands women’s heartfelt adore for lovely jewelry and offer you collection of beautiful Bangles, exquisite Earrings, dazzling Pendants and significantly much more in an array of durable metals. I’ve voted it up, ilikeited it on Facebook and have joined the club of your hubfollowers. One thing about looking around my jewelry station and setting my eyes on a particular style of bead or a mix of textures gets the inventive juices flowing and I have to reach for some beads, some polymer clay , some wire, my tools and the rest of the globe just fades away so that all that exists is the small space surrounding me. Every little thing else just disappears till I place the finishing touches on a piece of handmade beaded jewelry that just makes itself.
A Basic Wire Wrapped Ring or Pendant – Add Some Beads, Some Polymer Clay. Whilst most of my handmade beaded jewelry comes in the kind of necklaces and matching earring sets, I do sometimes do other items like bracelets, anklets, and beaded purse handles. If you make the syringe clay prongs also quick, following they shrink in the course of firing they won’t be lengthy adequate to curve more than the edges of the stone and hold it securely. Browse by means of our substantial catalog of fine jewelry to uncover diamond pendants, diamond bracelets, certified diamond solitaire rings and other jewelry with diamonds and precious stones.
Produce an Empty Metal Clay Setting and Set the Glass After Firing to Retain the Size, Shape and Surface Texture of the Glass, Or If You Are Not Employing Low-Fire Fine Silver Clay. Lakota Charm – Earrings and necklaces can be produced with your choice of colors. The $55 million dollar Hallucination watch, which is described as an exceptionally uncommon, multi-coloured diamond timepiece attributes a stunning kaleidoscope of more than 110 carats of extraordinarily rare coloured diamonds. A few months ago I got the concept fixed in my thoughts to thank Santa Muerte by ordering an costly (to me) skeleton for her to dress up. It was going to be superb simply because when it came it would get dressed up and almost everything.
Breakfast cereal, corn husks, even oiled gummy candies can be used to impress textures entertaining and uncommon patterns in moist clay. Right now, the selection is largely crafted from clay and enamel, with each and every piece providing off a custom vibe thanks to the small details of melded stones and dented metal you’ll see right here in the unfolded hoop earrings ( $135 ) and this cast pendant necklace ( $150 ). We not too long ago highlighted some of our favored Etsy shops for jewelry, which variety from cool, statement vintage pieces at Persephone Vintage to tiny, affordable rings and necklaces at By Lía.
Alice – you have detailed every single bit of selling jewelry on the internet and what on the web fashion jewelry retailers need to take care of. Thanks for …
When it comes to diamonds , there are several scams to stay away from. Japanese tube and seed beads, brass stampings and vintage rose montée rhinestones hand-embroidered with fine wire onto a vintage brass screen-and-prong brooch setting. This really pretty, if somewhat gaudy, goldtone brooch measures about 2 x two inches and is set with orange, green, and yellow faceted stones. Israeli-primarily based Asteria Diamonds is one of a couple of companies that supply high-high quality colored diamonds on the web to shoppers. The Curious Lore of Valuable Stones by George Frederick Kunz.
It really is worth going to a single or two anyway, but in my very 1st workshop I found that with only 2 minutes’ instruction (possessing Never done something craft-related just before whatsoever), I was capable to create two necklaces and two matching pairs of earrings in under an hour – not negative going for a comprehensive beginner – and you’re almost certainly better at it than I am! I’ve been supplied gemstones bought from Tv purchasing channels. Some can be fired effectively only at decrease temperatures and/or shorter firing schedules.
Further Methods for Setting Gemstones In Fresh Metal Clay. Excellent lens on creative packaging to Make your Handmade Items Stand Out! By gluing rhinestones or other sparkly objects to the surface of the skull, you can develop a magical, nearly frosted look. Years ago, Etsy was primarily focused on handmade, despite the fact that vintage and supplies for crafting were permitted, as well. Make custom tools by adding polymer clay handles for Phillips head screws, washers, beads, filigree bead caps, stampings, charms, coins, buttons, icing ideas, etc.
There are a lot of on the internet diamond buyers like Luxury Buyers who specialize in buying and selling pre-owned worthwhile products like diamonds. And even though, yes, you CAN coil wire by hand, if you need to have fairly a bit of wire coil, here’s a wonderful video tutorial (and it really is Totally free!) by Lisa Niven Kelly on How to Coil Wire on a Drill. Roll out an even sheet of Sculpey Bake & Bend clay, impress it with the preferred texture and cure it in the oven to make a thin, flexible texture sheet. Handle your existing distributors and partners simply, and engage with thousands of new partners speedily, with the jewelry and diamonds wholesale module.
Wire Wrapping Fundamentals For Polymer Clay Rings And Other Beaded Jewelry. I consider it really is beautiful and I continue to be in a position to make stunning polymer clay jewelry with the use of the molds. Just before firing your piece, clean the stone meticulously (even if it appears clean) with a sponge-tipped swab dipped moistened with rubbing alcohol. Right here at WP Diamonds, our valuers use their experience to assess each and every element element of a piece of jewelry. There’s no explanation you couldn’t weave bezel wire (silver or gold) rather than cutting uniform strips in sheet metal (hummm…two-toned).…
When it comes to diamonds , there are many scams to keep away from. Moissanite expenses a fraction of its diamond equivalent. Of course the sales men and women will continue to sell every single diamond as an investment, even although most diamond resells come about via pawn shops or eBay where complete retail is hardly ever received. Other than white colored diamonds, purchasers also get colored diamonds and they pay premium for the same. Great ideas, I will definitely maintain them in mind next time I take a costco trip! Lightly moisten the surface of the clay around the hole, let the moisture absorb into the clay for a few seconds, and then center the stone more than the hole.
How to Make Molds AKA Moulds With Two-Component Silicone Molding Compound. Asymmetrical silver clay earrings textured with molded lace. I do not see the point of paying for genuine stones, when the manufactured ones have a tendency to be just as good. People actually just pick pretty stones and sell them as gratitude rocks for $5, $10 or even much more. I can devote many hours designing and redesigning a simple beaded necklace or bracelet till I’m satisfied with it and it will feel like only 15 minutes have gone by. I adore playing with unusual combinations of colors, supplies, textures and finishes to create one-of-a-sort earrings, bracelets, necklaces, pendants, pins, brooches and rings.
They are marked-down, but as opposed to all other retailers, Costco doesn’t like you to know this, so the do not put the original rates with a slash and than the new value as many stores do. So to take advantage of these unique offers, you have to know the code to know it is a close-out. Tungsten carbide can only be scratched or broken by extreme measures, like abrasion from diamonds or corundum. You make such beautiful jewelry and it’s my pleasure to feature a single of my favorite tutorials of yours on Squidoo.
How to Make Charms for Bracelets and Necklaces from Recycled Materials Source. These colored-oils are masking flaws and improving the restricted enhancements of the emerald, as a result masking a low top quality stones’ bad points, although the minimal very good points appear to be a larger grade of gemstone. Learn about gemstones origin and history, care suggestions, and the important facts when purchasing for Gemstone Jewelry with our Gemstone Education Guide. It doesn’t assign a monetary worth like an appraisal, and is only applied to loose diamonds, but it does supply a mapping so you know what good quality of diamond you have on your hands.
Necklaces and pendants The PANDORA variety of necklaces and pendants covers a fantastic assortment of supplies and styles. Following all, this is his craft and he is a master of it. Trust me, De Beers—the household of businesses that dominate the diamond, diamond mining, diamond trading and industrial diamond manufacturing sectors— wants to know what each and every fine flaw inside a diamond …
Taobao Collection Express • Official Stores • TopUps Electronics Women’s Fashion Men’s Style Property & Living Overall health & Beauty Baby & Toys Sports & Travel Groceries, Pets and Motors. The mirrors in vintage compacts had been much thinner glass than is available these days. Metal Clay Brands and Formulas – Understand the important traits of every precious metal clay formula from the two key brands, PMC and Art Clay and the varieties (lump, syringe, paper, paste, overlay paste) offered in each gold and silver clay formula. Metal Clay Bezels for Cabochons from Art Clay Silver Paper Variety or PMC Sheet. Now that you know each ends of my encounter with precious stones, let me congratulate YOU on an superb probing peek into the world of jewels and jewelers!
I hope you like the jewelry tutorial and make a necklace of your own employing of easy, river-polished stones. Moisten the surface of the clay around the hole and on the back of the bezel. Cost-free YouTube Tutorial Resources To Make Jewelry – Polymer Clay & Glass Beads – Camille Sharon Has Some Fantastic Video Tutorials for Wire Jewelry. I located that I could sell a lot a lot more jewelry by offering other pieces of jewelry to match my earrings, so I diversified and started designing bracelets, necklaces, and pendants also.
As soon as dried, the metal clay jewelry or other decorative or functional object is fired at a high temperature with a torch or in a kiln, in the course of which time any remaining traces of water evaporate and the binder combusts and burns off. Verify out the straightforward to follow tutorial discovered on the TWO CRAFTY MULES website. The pattern of the colours is special to each and every person opal, and some of the most sought soon after patterns are Ribbon, Straw, Harlequin, Picture Stones, Flagstone and Chinese Writing.
I identified these bracelets in the craft shop that had been made of thin chain, dotted with black and gray beads. Earrings can be produced in the exact same way by copying a single of the pendants and then making smaller copies of the pendant and arranging them one particular over yet another. You can make your personal department shop style statement at a fraction of the cost using, of all things, potatoes. Moissanites are hand cut with optical properties that ideal show off the stone. This is a genuinely helpful hub and the notion can be utilized with other crafts as nicely.
Gemstones of North America Vol III by John Sinkankas. Color: The gem normally falls into the close to colorless range of a diamond F-G-H-I, but a slight green or yellowish undertone can be located in some stones in particular lighting. The finished photopolymer plate texture will impress the mirror image of your drawing or image, so if you care about that (and specifically if you are creating a PPP of text or of a photograph), you want to have the mirror image of your …